راهکارهای شاداب سازی مدارس بر اساس رویکردهای تربیت‌بدنی (مطالعه موردی: مدارس متوسطه دوم شهرستان آران و بیدگل)

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه مدیریت آموزشی، دانشگاه کاشان، کاشان، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه اراک، اراک، ایران.

چکیده

امروزه، در مدارس علم و دانش به تنهایی نمی‌تواند کامل کننده رسالت آموزش و پرورش باشد بلکه فعالیت­های تربیتی از جمله تربیت بدنی می­ تواند در به ثمر رسیدن علم و دانش، تأثیر بسزایی داشته باشد. هدف از انجام این پژوهش، شناسایی راهکارهای شاداب سازی مدارس بر اساس رویکردهای تربیت‌بدنی در مدارس متوسطه دوم در شهرستان آران و بیدگل بود. رویکرد پژوهش کیفی و بر اساس روش تحلیل مضمون انجام شد. روش گردآوری داده­ها استفاده از مصاحبه نیمه ساختاریافته بود و از روش نمونه‌گیری غیر تصادفی هدفمند استفاده شد. مشارکت‌کنندگان، دانش آموزان متوسطه دوم و اولیا و معلمان تربیت‌بدنی مدارس دخترانه شهرستان آران و بیدگل بود که شامل 10 نفر از معلمان تربیت‌بدنی، 10 نفر از دانش آموزان و 8 نفر از اولیا بودند. استراتژی نمونه­ گیری، رسیدن به اشباع نظری بود و از روش تحلیل مضمون برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل مصاحبه­ ها استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که راهکارهای شاداب سازی مدارس شامل 11 مضمون اصلی­ بود که عبارت بود از برگزاری مسابقات ورزشی، برگزاری نرمش صبحگاهی، برگزاری بازی‌های بومی محلی، استفاده از سالن­ های ورزشی سطح شهرستان، مشارکت دادن والدین و معلمان در تربیت‌بدنی مدارس، برگزاری اردوهای ورزشی، ارائه ورزش­های به‌روز متناسب با نیازهای سبک زندگی خانواده ­ها و امکانات منطقه، ارتقای نگرش مدیریت آموزش‌وپرورش و مدیران مدارس در باور داشتن به درس تربیت‌بدنی، خرید و بهبود تجهیزات ورزشی برای مدرسه، مشارکت دادن دانش آموزان در درس تربیت‌بدنی و ارتقای انگیزه معلمان تربیت‌بدنی بود. درنتیجه به نظر می­ رسد به‌منظور تأثیرگذاری بیشتر در دهه حاضر و با توجه به ظهور و بروز دنیای مجازی، بایستی بر راهکارهای شاداب سازی مدارس با تمرکز بر زیرساخت­ های ورزشی، سرمایه انسانی و آموزش ورزش ­های نوین متناسب با سبک زندگی تأکید کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying school happiness strategies based on physical education approaches (case study: secondary schools in Aran and Bidgol)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Tayebeh Mondalizadeh 1
  • Zeinab Mondalizadeh 2
  • Farnaz Fakhri 2
1 M.Sc., Department of Educational Management, Kashan University, Kashan, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Sports Management, Arak University, Arak, Iran
چکیده [English]

Today, science and knowledge in schools can not be effective alone, but sports activities can have a significant impact on the achievement of science and knowledge. The purpose of this study was to identify school rejuvenation strategies based on physical education approaches in secondary schools. The research approach was qualitative and based on content analysis method. Data collection method was semi-structured interview and purposive non-random sampling method was used. Participants were secondary school students and parents and physical education teachers of Aran and Bidgol girls' schools, which included 10 physical education teachers, 10 students and 8 parents. The sampling strategy was theoretical saturation and the content analysis method was used to analyze the interviews. The results showed that school rejuvenation strategies included 11 main themes, which were holding sports competitions, morning exercises, local indigenous games, using city-level sports halls, involving parents and teachers in school physical education, and holding Sports camps, providing up-to-date sports tailored to the lifestyle needs of families and facilities in the area, promoting the attitude of education management and school principals in believing in physical education, purchasing and improving sports equipment for school, involving students in physical education and It was to motivate physical education teachers. As a result, it seems that in order to be more effective in the current decade and with the emergence of the virtual world, we should emphasize the strategies of school rejuvenation by focusing on sports infrastructure, human capital and teaching new sports in accordance with the lifestyle of society.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Parents
  • Physical Education
  • students
  • rejuvenation
  • Schools
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